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effectiveness of hypnosis

Studies supporting effectiveness of hypnosis

Effectiveness of hypnosis, Aspire Hypnotherapy in Moorooka, Brisbane

The effectiveness of Hypnosis.

A number of studies that prove the effectiveness of hypnosis can be in helping with a variety of issues.

The effectiveness of hypnosis has been extensively studied. Below are a number of articles that support the effectiveness of hypnosis in treating a large number of conditions.

Note: If we were to include the studies on meditation – the same brain wave state as hypnosis –  this data would be too much to publish.

In 1970, Alfred A. Barrios, Ph.D. conducted a survey of scientific literature to compare recovery rates for various modalities of therapy:

  • Psychoanalysis can be expected to have a 38% recovery rate after approximately 600 sessions.
  • Behaviour therapy (Wolpian) can be expected to have a 72% recovery rate after an average of 22 sessions.
  • Hypnotherapy can be expected to have a 93% recovery rate after an average of 6 sessions

Source: Barrios, Alfred A. “Hypnotherapy: A Reappraisal,” Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice (1970)

According to an article in the Harvard University Gazette, Hypnosis Helps Healing, by William J. Cromie, Carol Ginandes and Daniel Rosenthal, professor of radiology at the Harvard Medical School, published a report on their study of hypnosis to speed up the mending of broken bones. The result stood out like a sore ankle. Those who were hypnotized healed faster than those who were not. Six weeks after the fracture, those in the hypnosis group showed the equivalent of eight and a half weeks of healing.

Asthma
Hypnosis has been shown to alleviate the subjective distress of patients with asthma: there were less frequent attacks, and less medication was required. 1
In another study comparing Hypnosis and relaxation therapy the improvement with the Hypnotherapy group was much greater. And only Hypnosis subjects showed an improvement in physiologic measures of respiration. 2
References:
1 Maher-Loughnan, G.P. (1970). “Hypnosis and AutoHypnosis for the Treatment of Asthma.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 18, 1- 14.
2 Maher-Loughnan, G.P., MacDonald, N., Mason, A.A. & Fry, L. (1962). “Controlled Trial of Hypnosis in the Symptomatic Treatment of Asthma.” British Medical Journal, 2, 371-376.

Arthritis
Following Hypnotherapy, patients with arthritis achieved significant decreases in pain, anxiety, and depression, and an increases in beta-endorphin-like immunoreactive material.
References:
Domangue, B.B., Margolis, C.G., Lieberman, D. & Kaji, H. (1985). “Biochemical Correlates of Hypnoanalgesia in Arthritic Pain Patients.” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 46, 235-238.

Bone Fracture
The Harvard Medical School conducted research on the use of hypnosis to enhance physical healing. Twelve people with a recent bone fracture were divided into two groups. One group received hypnosis and the other group served as control. Both groups received standard orthopaedic treatment. The hypnosis group had individual hypnotic sessions and listened to audio tapes designed to increase bone healing. X-ray and orthopaedic evaluations were made during the 12 weeks of the experiment.
The results showed a faster healing for the hypnosis group at week 9 of the experiment. X-rays revealed a notable difference at the edge of the fracture at week 6 of the experiment. The hypnosis group also had better mobility and used less pain killers. The researchers conclude by saying that “despite a small sample size…. these data suggest that hypnosis may be capable of enhancing both anatomical and functional fracture healing, and that further investigation of hypnosis to accelerate healing is warranted.
References:
Ginandes, CS, Rosenthal, DI.1999, “Using hypnosis to accelerate the healing of bone fractures: a randomized controlled pilot study”, Therapy Health Medicine, May, 5(2), pp.67-75.

Cancer
Women with metastatic breast cancer who received group Hypnosis therapy were able to reduce their pain experience by 50% compared to a control group. 1
At a 10-year follow-up of these same women, the Hypnosis treatment group had double the survival rate of the control group.2
Both adolescent and adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy have fewer symptoms of anticipatory nausea and vomiting following Hypnotic interventions.3
References:
1 Spiegel, D. & Bloom, J.R. (1983b).”Group therapy and Hypnosis Reduce Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Pain.” Psychosomatic Medicine, 45, 333-339.
2Spiegel, D., Bloom, J.R., Kraemer, H.,C. & Gottheil, E. (1989a) “Effect of Psychosocial Treatment on Survival of Patients with Metatastic Breast Cancer.” Lancet pp. 888-891.
3Zeltzer, L.; LeBaron, S. & Zeltzer, P.M. (1984).The Effectiveness of Behavioral Intervention for Reduction of Nausea and Vomiting in Children and Adolescents Receiving Chemotherapy.” Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2, 683-690. Cotanch, P., Hockenberry, M. & Herman, S. (1985). “Self-Hypnosis Antiemetic Therapy in Children Receiving Chemotherapy.” Oncology Nursing Forum, 12, 41- 46. Zeltzer, L., LeBaron, S. & Zeltzer, P.M. (1984).

Childbirth
Hypnotherapy has been used successfully to prolong pregnancy and prevent premature delivery. 1
In Britain 55% of birthing women using hypnosis required no medication for pain relief, compared with 22% of women in non-hypnosis groups. In two other reports 58% of women using hypnotic analgesia required no medication. And five other reports quoted 60-79% of women using hypnosis required no medication. Check out http://www.easybirthing.com/science_and_research. In another study subjects given hypnosis reported reduced pain, shorter stage 1 labours, less medication, higher Apgar scores, more frequent spontaneous deliveries than other group. Some had lower depression scores after birth than the other groups.2
References:
1Schwartz, M. (1963) The Cessation of Labor Using Hypnotic Techniques.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 5, 211-213.
2Harmon, T.M., Hynan, M., & Tyre, T.E. (1990). “Improved obstetric outcomes using hypnotic analgesia and skill mastery combined with childbirth education.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 525, 530, 1990.

Depression
Cognitive Hypnotherapy for Depression: An Empirical Study: To investigate the effectiveness of cognitive hypnotherapy (CH), hypnosis combined with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), on depression, 84 depressives were randomly assigned to 16 weeks of treatment of either CH or CBT alone. At the end of treatment, patients from both groups significantly improved compared to baseline scores. However, the CH group produced significantly larger changes in Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Hopelessness Scale. Effect size calculations showed that the CH group produced 6%, 5%, and 8% greater reduction in depression, anxiety, and hopelessness, respectively, over and above the CBT group. The effect size was maintained at 6-month and 12-month follow-ups. This study represents the first controlled comparison of hypnotherapy with a well-established psychotherapy for depression, meeting the APA criteria for a “probably efficacious” treatment for depression. 1
Alternative Treatments for Long-Term Depressed Mood: Meditation and Hypnosis The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness to two alternative treatments for long-term depressed mood: mindfulness meditation and hypnosis. The need to find effective treatments for those suffering from long-term low-to-moderate level depression has been known for over a century. Although, there have been some recent advances in the types of drug and psychotherapy treatments available for this condition, some people do not respond to such interventions, have considerable side effects (from the drugs), or are not satisfied for other reasons with these treatment options.
The present study represents an innovative investigation into two alternatives to traditional treatments for long-term depressed mood: mindfulness meditation (plus gentle hatha yoga) and hypnosis in a group therapy format. Although both meditation and hypnosis have shown success in treating stress, anxiety, and pain in studies of non-clinical populations, neither has been systematically investigated as a possible treatment for long-term depressed mood.2
References:
1Assen Alladin and Alisha Alibhai (2000) The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis; Volume 55, Number 2 – May 2000.
2Spiegel, D. MD; Butler, L.D. Ph.D. Xin-Hua Chen; Abramson, M. DDS, Waelde, L. Ph.D. Mental Insight Foundation

Dermatitis
Most clinicians and researchers agree that stress affects the course of dermatitis and eczema, and reducing stress levels has a positive effect on the course of the disease. Emotional factors have been shown to have a strong correlation with onset of the disease and also with flare-ups. Further more, several documented case studies have revealed that hypnosis can offer a successful treatment for sufferers.
References:
Kantor, S.D. (1990).Stress and psoriasis. Psoriasis Research Institute, Palo Alto, California 94301. Cutis (USA) Oct 1990, 46 (4) p321-2

Haemophilia
Haemophiliac patients taught self-hypnosis significantly reduced both their level of self-reported distress and the amount of the factor concentrate required to control bleeding when compared with a control group of patients who did not undergo Hypnosis.
References:
Swirsky-Saccetti, T.; Margolis, C.G. (1986).”The Effects of a Comprehensive Self- Hypnosis Training Program on the Use of Factor VIII in Severe Hemophilia.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 34, 71-83.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Hypnotherapy is one of the most successful treatment methods, giving 80+% success rate for abdominal pain and distension. It often results in assisting with other problems such as migraine and tension headaches. With patients who have severe chronic IBS, it was Hypnotherapy patients that showed dramatic improvement in all measures, and they maintained that improvement at a two year follow-up.
References:
Whorwell P.J; Prior A; Faragher E.B. (1988 & 1987). Whorwell, P.J., Prior, A. & Faragher, E.B. (1984). “Controlled Trial of Hypnotherapy in the Treatment of Severe Refractory Irritable-Bowel Syndrome.” Lancet, pp. 1232-1234. Whorwell, P.J., Prior, A. & Colgan, S.M. (1987). “Hypnotherapy in Severe Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Further Experience.” Gut, 28, 423-425.

Cognitive Behavioural Hypnotherapy in the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome–Induced Agoraphobia
There are a number of clinical studies and a body of research on the effectiveness of hypnotherapy in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Likewise, there exists research demonstrating the efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in the treatment of IBS. However, there is little written about the integration of CBT and hypnotherapy in the treatment of IBS and a lack of clinical information about IBS-induced agoraphobia. This paper describes the aetiology and treatment of IBS-induced agoraphobia. Cognitive, behavioural, and hypnotherapeutic techniques are integrated to provide an effective cognitive-behavioural hypnotherapy (CBH) treatment for IBS-induced agoraphobia. This CBH approach for treating IBS-induced agoraphobia is described and clinical data are reported. (2)
References:
Golden W.L. (2000) The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis; Volume 55, Number 2 – May 2000

Migraine and Headaches
Hypnosis is highly effective in the treatment of chronic migraine headaches. All Hypnotic methods appear to be superior to standard treatment relying on pharmacological approaches alone. Patients treated with Hypnosis had a significant reduction in severity and the number of attacks compared to a control group treated with traditional medications. At the one year follow-up the number of patients in the Hypnosis group who had no headaches for over three months was significantly higher.
References:
Anderson, J.A., Basker, M.A, Dalton, R. (1975). “Migraine and Hypnotherapy.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 23, 48-58.

Review of the Efficacy of Clinical Hypnosis with Headaches and Migraines
The 12-member National Institute of Health Technology Assessment Panel on Integration of Behavioral and Relaxation Approaches into the Treatment of Chronic Pain and Insomnia (1996) reviewed outcome studies on hypnosis with cancer pain and concluded that research evidence was strong and that other evidence suggested hypnosis may be effective with some chronic pain, including tension headaches. This paper provides an updated review of the literature on the effectiveness of hypnosis in the treatment of headaches and migraines, concluding that it meets the clinical psychology research criteria for being a well-established and efficacious treatment and is virtually free of the side effects, risks of adverse reactions, and ongoing expense associated with medication treatments.
References:
Hammond C. (2000) The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis; Volume 55, Number 2 – May 2000

Pain
Hypnosis was found to be effective in reducing pain and discomfort associated with repeated unpleasant medical interventions in a study of children with cancer.1
A significant reduction of pain and dysphoria was found following Hypnosis in a study of 19 patients with a variety of musculoskeletal disorders.2
References:
1Hilgard, E.R. (1977). “Divided Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action”. NY: John Wiley. 1977
2Domangue, B.B., Margolis, C.G., Lieberman, D. & Kaji, H. (1985). Biochemical Correlates of Hypnoanalgesia in Arthritic Pain Patients.” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 46, 235-238

Phobias

  • Student test anxiety : Students taught self-hypnosis showed a significant reduction in anxiety scores (maintained at 6-month follow-up) then a control group.1
  • Public speaking : The group who received hypnosis had a greater expectation for change and that change was achieved, than those who had non-hypnotic treatment.2
  • Fear of flying : 50% of patients afraid of flying were improved or cured after Hypnosis treatment.3

References:
1Stanton, H. E. (1994)
2Schoenberger, N. E.; Kirsch, I.; Gearan, P.; Montgomery, G.; Pastyrnak, S.L. (1997).
3Spiegel, D. (1998) Report in the Harvard Mental Health Letter, September 1998, vol. 15, p. 5-6

Smoking Cessation
In a recent stop smoking study, where smokers attended individual hypnotherapy for stop smoking over three sessions, 81% had stopped smoking after the treatment ended, and at a 12 month follow-up nearly 50% remained smoke free. And 95% of the people were satisfied with their treatment.
References:
Elkins GR, Rajab MH. (2004) “Clinical hypnosis for Smoking Cessation: preliminary results of a three session intervention.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 2004 Jan; 52 (1):73-81

Stress and Hypertension
A trial compared Hypnosis with biofeedback or a combination of both. All groups had significant reduction in blood pressure.1 However, at six-month follow-up only patients receiving Hypnosis had maintained the reduction.2
References:
1Friedman, H. & Taub, H. (1977). “The Use of Hypnosis and Biofeedback Procedures for Essential Hypertension.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 25, 335-347.
2Friedman, H. & Taub, H. (1978). “A Six Month Follow-up of the Use of Hypnosis and Biofeedback Procedures in Essential Hypertension.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 20, 184-188

Surgery Recovery
Patients trained with Hypnosis before surgery had significantly shorter stays in hospital. Research shows that Hypnosis methods have been used successfully for anxiety associated with medical procedures.
References:
Rapkin, D.A., Straubing, M., Singh, A. & Holroyd, J.C. (1988). “Guided Imagery and Hypnosis: Effect on Acute Recovery from Head and Neck Cancer Surgery” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Asheville, N.C. Spiegel, D, (1998). Report in the Harvard Mental Health Letter, September 1998, vol. 15, p. 5-6.

Warts
Prepubertal children respond to Hypnotherapy almost without exception, although adults sometimes do not. Clinically, many adults who fail to respond to hypnotherapy will heal with individual hypnoanalytic (combination of hypnotherapy and psychotherapy) techniques. By using hypnoanalysis on those who failed to respond to hypnotherapy, 33 of 41 (80%) consecutive patients were completely cured. Self-hypnosis was not used.1
There was a particularly interesting report of hypnosis used to treat a 7-year-old girl who had 82 common warts. The warts had been present for 12-18 months and were not amenable to any of the routine medical treatments. Hypnotic suggestions were given for the facial warts to disappear before warts from the rest of the body. After 2 weeks, eight of 16 facial warts were gone, with no other changes. After three additional biweekly sessions, all 82 warts were gone. This was, to our knowledge, the first reported case of systematic wart removal in children and the researchers concluded that there is an intimate relationship between psychological mechanisms and the immune system.2
References:
1Ewin DM Hypnotherapy for warts (verruca vulgaris): 41 consecutive cases with 33 cures. Tulane Medical School, New Orleans, LA. Am J Clin Hypn (UNITED STATES) Jul 1992, 35(1) p1-10
2Hypnotherapy of a child with warts.Noll RB Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, Michigan State University,East Lansing 48824.J Dev Behav Pediatr Apr 1988, 9 (2) p89-91

 

Hypnotherapy has been proven to be highly effective in treating a large variety of conditions.
For your free 15 min phone consult call us on 0734117796. or click here.

what does hypnosis feel like

What does Hypnosis feel like

What does hypnosis feel like?

Whey you are seeing a hypnotist for Hypnosis for Anxiety, Hypnosis for Weight Loss or hypnosis for sports performance, most people have a number of questions about the process of hypnotherapy and what the trance state will be like. The first question clients often ask is what does hypnosis feel like?what does hypnosis feel like

Clients before their first session often have a lot of questions and have previous information about what they think hypnosis might be like. They are familiar with hypnosis because they’ve either been to a show or seen a show on TV. TV depictions aren’t a good representation of what happens in normality. This is particularly true of hypnosis.

People want to know what it will be like for them.  In some senses that’s an easy question to answer and in other ways it’s not. This is simply because everyone experiences hypnosis different.

As a definition, The state of hypnosis is a state of elevated relaxation and highly focussed attention. The person experiencing the hypnotic state used in hypnotherapy, will have at the same a very relaxed body but at the same time they will have in increased awareness of the hypnotists voice.

Additionally, a common experience of people emerging from the trance state is that they experienced an increased awareness of their senses and the world outside of the hypnotists room, but they didn’t care about it. This happens because in the trance state the activity of the sensory corticies actually increases while in the trance state.

Upon emerging from trance some people feel a little be drowsy like emerging from a deep sleep, people often feel intensely rejuvenated and refreshed like they have just woken up from a long and restorative sleep and most often people emerge from trance with little concept of time or what the hypnotist said. This is call Hypnotic Time distortion and it’s the most common experience of people under hypnosis.

Whatever it is that you will experience, it’s a wonderful experience to be in trance. As the person doing the hypnosis all the time, it a wonderful thing to be able to assist someone to experience.

For more information on hypnosis for weight loss go here.

For more information for hypnosis for sports performance go here

For more information for hypnosis for anxiety go here.

To book into your free 15 minute phone consultation please call us on 0734117796.

Hypnosis for Anxiety

Hypnosis for AnxietyHypnosis for Anxiety

Hypnosis for Anxiety is frequently used to assist people with their levels of stress and anxiety.

Stress and anxiety are responses to external threats. The body responds to the external treats via the Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Adrenal loop. In response to perceived external threats a lot of stress chemicals are released that place the body on alert and in a hypervigilant state.

As an occasional response to external threats to your body it works brilliantly. However, in environments where the stress is constant and ongoing it can have profoundly negative effects on a person’s peace of mind and physical body. Ongoing stress has been said to have a contribution to 80% of all modern diseases.

Hypnosis works very well with stress and anxiety in that it can reprogram the internal response to the external environment. Once an internal response in automated it is perpetuated.  Hypnosis retrains the brain to experience the external environment as less stressful or to solve the problems presented in the external environment thereby reducing the stress.

Anxiety and panic attacks are similarly learned responses to stressful environment. From an evolutionary perspective this makes a lot of sense.  Learn a strong response that assists survival given in strongly negative environment that could affect survival.

However, responses to stressful environment can be learnt. When anyone undergoes pilot training a significant proportion of that that training is committed to learning functional responses to foreseeable highly stressful potential happenings, eg. Your engine stops working just after takeoff. This practice of response to stressful environment is fundamental to performing well in those environments.

This can be rapidly done with hypnosis so the unconscious mind, the part of you that knows and chooses how to respond in any situation, can choose a different way of responding to stressful situations so that you can get a lot more of the results that you like.

Additionally, once those ways of responding are repeated they become what you do.

For more information call us on ….07 34117796 or go to the contact us page.

Appointments are available with Michael Brook in Moorooka, Inner South Side, Brisbane.

 

Hypnosis for Weight Loss

Hypnosis for Weight Loss

Hypnosis for Weight LossHypnosis for weight loss.

The Hypnosis for Weight Loss package is designed to assist you in making Health your habit. Many people attempt to diet. Many people make New Years resolutions about how they will go the Gym and work out. Studies show that 98% of new years resolutions are not followed through on.

To make a permanent change to your weight you need a Mind Plan not a meal plan.

There are over 25000 books on dieting in print.

With each new diet that comes on to the market there will be a flurry of publicity and a number of new converts but more often than not frequently those convert will follow the diet for a period of time and then fall into their old BAD habits of eating and lack of exercise.

This may have happened to you.

If this has happened to you then there is good news.

What you needed wasn’t a meal plan but a Mind Plan.

The unconscious mind, the part of you that controls your body, has a powerful impulse to do what is familiar with. This is particularly true in times of stress.

So while the diet may seem like a good idea and you tried it out, as soon as some stressors come along you dropped it and fell back into your bad habits.

The importance of having a Mind Plan.

Your mind controls your body and it does what is familiar to it.

Unless you make your weight lose goals and healthy habits familiar and highly desired to you then as soon as you are stressed, it will start doing what’s familiar to it.

If you have a Mind Plan, that is you train your brain through hypnosis, you can train your brain to make your goals into your habits.

If you can turn your goals into your habits you can have the weight control that you want.

This coaching package is designed to systematically assist you in creating healthy habits that get you your results.

The package addresses:

  1. Motivation to Exercise
  2. Emotional Eating.
  3. Clearing up any past trauma that may be causing emotional eating
  4. Creating new healthy habits of being
  5. Automating your new healthy habits into the new you.

Each session is carried out and recorded into your mobile phone so you listen to the guided trance each day for 3 weeks.

You will be amazed at the results you will get as your new habits become simply what you do, so you can look forward to a healthy and active life at the weight that you want.

To book in for your first session call 07) 34117796.

Appointments are available at Moorooka, Inner South Side, Brisbane.

Alternatively click here and put in your details and we will contact you as soon as possible.

hypnosis, Aspire Hypnotherapy Brisbane

How effective is Hypnotherapy for Stress and Anxiety?

Is hypnotherapy for anxiety effective?

A lot of clients who are interested in Hypnotherapy for Stress and Anxiety are interested in how effectiveness is hypnotherapy for anxiety. Thankfully, this has been Hypnotherapy for anxiety, Aspire Hypnotherapy Brisbaneresearched extensively. A significant body of research has been carried out with respect to anxiety in association with medical procedures.

Below are some of the results from clinical studies.

A recent ‘Clinical Review’ of hypnosis and relaxation therapies published in the BMJ looked at the existing research on hypnosis and concluded: ‘There is good evidence from randomised controlled trials that both hypnosis and relaxation techniques can reduce anxiety […]’, the same report also concluded that hypnosis was proven to be effective in treating panic attacks and phobia. (Vickers & Zollman, ‘Hypnosis and relaxation therapies,’ BMJ 1999;319: 1346-1349)

A study of 20 individuals compared the use of self-hypnosis and relaxation therapy in managing anxiety over 28 days. Both groups were shown to have achieved significant reduction in psychological and physical symptoms of anxiety. However, the self-hypnosis group exhibited greater confidence in the positive effects of the treatment, higher expectation of success, and greater degrees of cognitive and physical improvement. (Lucy O’Neill, Amanda Barnier, & Kevin McConkey, ‘Treating Anxiety with self-hypnosis and relaxation’, Contemporary Hypnosis, 1999, vol. 16 (2): 68)

Results vary from individual. However, there are some commonalities with anxiety. Anxiety is most frequently a fear about something negative that happened in the past happening in the future, or it’s an hallucination of something happening in the future that they might not have experienced themselves yet.

Whatever type of anxiety you may be experiencing, Hypnotherapy is very useful in the treatment of that anxiety.

Aspire hypnotherapy has considerable experience in assisting people who are experiencing anxiety. Whether it’s, public speaking, fear of flying, enclosed spaces, fear of cars, fear of elevators, fear of relationships, fear of hot weather… or any other fears, we can help you.

For your free 15 minute consult please call us on 07 34117796 and we will call you to arrange a suitable time to address how we can help you.

Alternatively you can go here.

Hypnosis for stress

Effortless Change

Effortless change… the experience of change you want to have…for Hypnotherapy for Stress

When people see a hypnotist to get Hypnotherapy for Stress, they sometimes think that it may be difficult. That may be because a lot of things in their lives already may be difficult, which is why they seek out a hypnotist.

Often when people come to see at hypnotherapist at Aspire they really want something to change in their lives. They may want to lose weight, overcome anxiety or depression, or move forward after a past trauma or stressful event.

One of the things that gets said most frequently by new clients, is “I’ve tried nearly everything and nothing really worked or nothing stuck” at-least not for long enough to achieve the results they were after.

After the first session when they come back for the second session, most often clients will say 1 or both of two things.

Firstly. they will say how easy the change has been. They will often say that the change they desired required no motivation and will power.

Secondly, they will often say that they don’t know it’s working, even though they are getting the exact outcome they desire. This occurs because the change has already happened at an unconscious level and the conscious mind is simply unaware that they are on the road to achieving their outcome.

Once the unconscious mind changes, the change becomes effortless.

In contrast, attempting something like losing weight by forcing yourself to do something different doesn’t really work.

Think about this, there have been 25,000 dieting books publish in the UK but there are still millions of people who struggle with their weight in that country.

The fastest way to change an unconscious level is to see a skilled hypnotist and they can assist you in experiencing the type of change you desire.

Effortless.

Michael Brook.

Master Hypnotist.

For your free Phone consultation please call 0734117796. or go to the contact us page here.

Appointments are available with Michael Brook at Mooorooka, Inner South Side, Brisbane.

relationship counselling

relationship counselling

Relationship Counselling relationship counselling

If you are looking for relationship Counselling the chances are your relationship isn’t in a very good place. Most of the time when people look for relationship counselling their relationship is often on the brink of disaster. It’s like people are flying a plane called their relationship. There are 2 pilots flying it and they decide to read the manual on the aircraft just when they are about to smash into the ground and the automatic terrain avoidance system is screaming at them. “PULL UP” “PULL UP”

If this is you, you aren’t alone. Most people who end up looking for relationship counselling do so at the same time.

Problems in relationships are jointly created most of the time. Solutions also need to be jointly created.

When people form a relationship they create habits in the way they relate to their partners. Those habits over time will often get repeated. But over time, as is often the case, someone in the relationship wants more. Either they want more closeness or more time apart. They may want more or better sex.

Alternatively, an agreement that they formed together at the beginning of the relationship may not be being met.

When a couple is having a relationship issue what we have found is that almost invariable one of three things are happening for one or both of the partners:

Either:

A value or values are being violated

An agreement that was made isn’t being bet or is being broken

A need that one partner has isn’t being met.

Finding out which one of those three things in happening, and it could be all three of those things for both partners, is the first step to solving the relationship crisis and getting back to the place you want to be.

If you are having a relationship crisis, call us on 07 34117796 for your free 15 minute phone consult and we can assist you with getting you from where you are to where you want to be.

Alternatively click here.

Does Hypnosis work?

Does Hypnosis work?

Clients will sometimes ask does Hypnosis work. We felt it would be useful to include an article outlines some of the research that has been carried out on the effectiveness of hypnosis.

Does Hypnosis work

Research on the Effectiveness of Hypnosis.

 

The research literature on Hypnosis is extensive. The endorsements of Hypnosis for its healing effectiveness continue to mount. In a recent report, it was revealed that a panel of the National Institutes of Health has endorsed the wider use of Hypnosis for use in conjunction with conventional medical care.

 Numerous clinical studies have been conducted substantiating the effectiveness of the Hypnotic state in changing individuals’ lives. Some of these experimental studies have utilized poor controls for supporting generalization of results beyond the specific experimental trial reported. The research studies cited below are some of the thousands clinical trials that HAVE utilized solid experimental technique and report reliable, valid findings. These studies report a sample of the multitude of applications of Hypnosis in human living:

MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
PAIN, MISCELLANEOUS:

  1. Ernest Hilgard (1977) and coworkers: in extensive investigations, using experimental paradigms to induce pain (typically either a tourniquet cutting off the circulation to a limb or plunging the limb into cold water), they have demonstrated that various types of pain can be reduced by Hypnotically induced analgesia.

In these studies, 66% of the high susceptibility group, but only 13% of the lower and 17% of the medium susceptibility groups, were able to reduce their pain by 1/3 or more. Twenty-six percent of the high, 57% of the medium, and 31% of the low susceptibility groups were able to reduce their pain by 10-32% when compared to controls.

  1. Experimentally induced pain, while undeniably noxious, is different from the experience of patients in the clinical setting. Whereas experimental pain is brief, undergone voluntarily, and can be terminated at any time by the subject, in the clinical setting, pain is often longterm, comes against the wishes of the individual and is usually experienced as being outside of personal control. Moreover, it is a part of a disease process that directly alters both physical and mental functioning.
  2. In a neurochemical study of Hypnotic control of pain conducted by Domangue (1985), patients suffering arthritic pain showed a correlation among levels of pain, anxiety and depression. Anxiety and depression were inversely related to plasma norepinephrine levels. Depression was correlated with dopamine levels and negatively correlated with levels of serotonin and beta endorphin. Following Hypnotherapy, there were clinically and statistically significant decreases in depression, anxiety and pain, and increases in beta endorphin-like substances.
  3. The relationship between pain and endorphins is a complicated one. In his study, Guerra (1982) found that only particular forms of the beta endorphins found in peripheral blood during painful experience are associated with the Hypnotic response.
  4. Hilgard (1982) studied children with cancer. He found Hypnosis to be effective in reducing the pain and discomfort associated with repeated unpleasant medical inventions.
  5. Stam (1986) reports that patients with chronic facial pain show a greater responsiveness to suggestion as measured by the Carleton University Responsiveness to Suggestion Scale (CURSS) than do normal controls. These patients had higher Hypnotic susceptibility scores than did controls, showing a high susceptibility score to be a good predictor of response to Hypnotic treatment among such patients.
  6. Domangue (1985) conducted a study of 19 patients with a variety of musculoskeletal disorders. He reported significant reductions of pain and dysphoria following Hypnosis. The reductions were associated with significant increases in plasma beta endorphin.
  7. Barabasz and Barabasz (1989) studied sample of 20 patients with a variety of chronic pain syndromes. They utilized an Hypnotic technique known as Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST). All of the patients were initially rated as having low Hypnotic susceptibility on the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale (SHSS). Following exposure to the training technique, the subjects demonstrated significant increases in both SHSS scores and in pain reduction when compared to controls.

HEADACHE PAIN:

  1. Evidence accumulated to date suggests that a number of Hypnotherapeutic approaches are highly effective in the treatment of patients with chronic migraine headaches. Although no one Hypnotherapeutic technique has been demonstrated to be most effective, all the methods appear to be superior to a standard treatment relying on pharmacological approaches alone.10. In a study conducted by Anderson (1975), migraine patients treated with Hypnosis had a significant reduction in the number of attacks and in their severity compared to a control group who were treated with traditional medications. The difference did not become statistically significant until the second six-month follow-up period. In addition, at the end of one year, the number of patients in the Hypnosis group who had experienced no headaches for over three months was significantly higher.
  2. In a controlled trial conducted by Olness (1987), self-Hypnosis was shown to be significantly more effective than either propranolol or placebo in reducing the frequency of migraine headaches in children between the ages of six and twelve years of age.
  3. In a research conducted by Schlutter (1980), Hypnosis was also found to effective in dealing with the relief of tension headache.
  4. Alladin (1988) reviewed the literature on Hypnosis, identifying fully a dozen different Hypnotic techniques that have been used in the treatment of chronic migraine headaches. Of these, Hypnotic training emphasizing relaxation, hand warming (which, according to Anderson, 1975) seems the simplest method of establishing increased voluntary control of the sensitive vasomotor system) and direct Hypnotic suggestions of symptom removal have all been shown to be effective in reducing the duration, intensity and frequency of migraine attacks during a ten-week treatment course and at thirteen-month follow-up when compared to controls.
  5. A study (Gutfeld, G. and Rao, L., 1992) was conducted on 42 patients suffering from chronic headaches. These patients, all of whom had responded poorly to conventional treatments, were split into two groups. One received Hypnotherapy to relieve their daily headaches; the rest acted as a comparison group. The Hypnotherapy group experienced reduced frequency and duration of headaches, cutting the intensity by about 30%. “These results are impressive in such a difficult, hard-to-treat group of patients,” commented Egilius Spierings, M.D., Ph.D. director of the headache section, division of neurology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

CANCER:

  1. Speigel and Bloom (1983b) reported that a study of women with metastatic breast cancer showed that patients who received group therapy with training in Hypnosis over a one-year period were able to reduce their pain experience by 50% when compared to a control group.
  2. In addition, at a 10-year follow-up of these same women, the Hypnosis treatment group had a mean survival rate of 36.6 months compared to 18.9 months for the controls. This suggests that the intervention may be both important quantitative and important qualitative effects (Spiegel 1989a).

17-18. Both adolescent and adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were reported by Cotanch (1985) and by Zeltzer (1984), in separate research, to have fewer symptoms of anticipatory nausea and vomiting following Hypnotic interventions.

CARDIOVASCULAR CONDITIONS, GENERAL:

  1. In research by Bernardi (1982), hypertensive patients showed themselves to be significantly more effective at controlling cardiovascular responses to stressors in Hypnosis than they were in the normal waking state. This was particularly true for subjects with more marked Hypnotic ability.
  2. In a study by Sletvold (1986), normotensive subjects were shown able to either increase or decrease their blood pressure significantly with Hypnosis.
  3. In a 1979 research study by Jackson, subjects with Hypnotic ability were shown to improve their aerobic performance significantly in response to postHypnotic suggestion. In addition, subjects with high Hypnotic susceptibility significantly improved their performance in physical exercise using postHypnotic suggestion.

HYPERTENSION & STRESS:

  1. Kuttner (1988) found that a Hypnotic approach emphasizing storytelling and imagery was significantly more effective than behavioral techniques or standard medical practice in alleviating distress during bone marrow aspirations in young children with leukemia.
  2. Hypertensive subjects were found to have characteristic patterns of increased cerebral blood flow that were most marked in the left hemisphere. During Hypnosis, they could reduce cerebral blood flow more dramatically than could normotensive controls. The changes noted in this research by Galeazzi (1982) were associated with decreases in vascular resistance and diastolic blood pressure in the rest of the body.

24-25. Friedman and Taub (1977, 1978) reported the results of a trial comparing Hypnosis with biofeedback or a combination of both in essential hypertension. At the end of four weeks of treatment, all groups showed a significant reduction in blood pressure. But at six-month follow-up only the patients receiving Hypnosis had maintained the reduction.

26-27. Generally speaking, literature review supports the value of Hypnosis in analgesia and stress reduction in a number of disorders, whether following the dissociative formulation (Miller, 1986) or a social psychology approach (Noland, 1987).

RESPIRATORY CONDITIONS:


28-29. In studies by Maher-Loughnan (1962, 1970), Hypnosis was shown to alleviate the subjective distress of patients with asthma. This change was measured either by the number of attacks or the amount of medication that was needed when compared to supportive therapy.

  1. In further study by Maher-Loughnan (1970) asthmatic subjects were randomly assigned to either Hypnosis or relaxation therapy. The results showed both treatment modalities of benefit to the patients, but the improvement in the Hypnotherapy group was significantly greater. There was a peak of improvement between the seventh and twelfth weeks of treatment. In addition, only the Hypnotic subjects showed improvement in physiologic measures of respiration (forced expiratory volume).
  2. Ewer and Stewart (1986) reported a randomized control trial of Hypnosis in patients with moderate asthma. Patients with a high Hypnotic susceptibility showed a 74.9% improvement in bronchial hyper-responsiveness (to methacholine challenge), a 5.5% increase in peak expiratory flow rate, a 26.2% decrease in the use of bronchodilator and a 41% improvement in daily ratings outside of the clinic. Twelve patients with a high Hypnotic susceptibility score showed a 75% improvement. However, a control group of 17 patients and a second group of 10 patients with a low level of Hypnotic susceptibility showed no change in either objective or subjective measures.
  3. A study by Olness (1985) showed that children trained in self-Hypnosis could significantly alter their tissue levels of oxygen as measured by transcutaneous PO2 measures.

STRENGTHENING THE IMMUNE SYSTEM:


  1. Hypnosis strengthens the disease-fighting capacity of two types of immune cells, reports Patricia Ruzyla-Smith and her co-workers at Washington State University in Pullman. Thirty-three college students who achieved a Hypnotic trance easily and 32 students who had great difficulty doing so were recruited for the study. Students who underwent Hypnosis displayed larger jumps in two important classes of white blood cells than participants who received relaxation or no method. The greatest immune enhancement occurred among highly Hypnotizable students in the Hypnosis group.

INTESTINAL CONDITIONS:

34-35. Whorwell (1984) reported successful treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome using Hypnosis in a controlled study of a group of patients who had a severe chronic form of the disorder and had not responded to conventional therapies. Patients were randomly allocated to either psychotherapy or Hypnotherapy groups. The psychotherapy patients showed a significant improvement in measures of pain, distension and in general well-being despite a lack of change in bowel habit. In contrast, the Hypnotherapy patients showed a dramatic improvement in all measures which persisted at a two-year follow-up. (Whorwell, 1987). Hypnotherapy, including suggestions for improved gastrointestinal function and pain reduction, was significantly better than Hypnosis for simple deep muscle relaxation.

  1. Harvey (1989) reported a similar improvement following Hypnotherapy in 20 of the 33 patients with refractory Irritable Bowel Syndrome at three-month follow-up.
  2. Colgan (1988) reported a randomized trial of 30 patients with frequently relapsing duodenal ulcer disease. The subjects were treated for ten weeks with either Hypnotherapy or ranitidine or the drug alone. At a twelve-month follow-up, all of the drug-only patients, but only half of the drug-plus-Hypnotherapy patients, had relapsed.

HEMOPHELIA:


  1. Swirsky-Saccetti (1986) reported on research with hemophiliacs. Over an eighteen-week follow-up, a group of hemophiliac patients who were taught self-Hypnosis significantly reduced both their level of self-reported distress and the amount of the factor concentrate they required to control bleeding when compared with a control group of patients who did not undergo Hypnosis.
  2. A 30-month follow-up by LaBaw (1975) with hemophiliac patients demonstrated the effectiveness of group procedures for self-Hypnosis in reducing distress and the amount of blood products required when compared to control groups in patients ranging from five to forty-eight years of age.

SURGERY:

  1. Patients undergoing head and neck surgery who were trained with preoperative Hypnosis had significantly shorter postoperative hospitalizations than did matched controls (Rapkin, 1988).
  2. Swedish researchers studied 50 women prior to surgery. Twenty-five of the women were assigned to the experimental group who were briefly Hypnotized each day for several days before their scheduled operations. Twenty-five were assigned to a control groups who were not Hypnotized. While in a Hypnotic state, the women in the experimental group heard suggestions to relax and feel hungry. After surgery only 10 had nausea (15 experienced no nausea), compared to 17 in the no-Hypnosis control group (8 experienced no nausea).

CHILDBIRTH:

  1. In 1963, Schwartz reported on a study in which Hypnotherapy was used successfully to prolong pregnancy and prevent premature delivery.

43-45. Omer (1986a, 1986b, 1987a) found that frequency of physical complaints and the general level of anxiety were correlated with premature labor and premature contractions. A brief technique emphasizing the use of self-Hypnosis was employed as an adjunct to pharmacological treatment. The prolongation of pregnancy was significantly higher for this group than for the medication-along control group, and infant weight was also significantly greater.

MISCELLANEOUS CONDITIONS:

  1. In a careful single-case controlled study of a patient with Raynaud’s disease, Conn (1984) showed a rapid and dramatic vasodilatation in response to Hypnotic suggestion.
  2. In research reported by Spanos (1988), a pair of randomized, carefully designed studies were conducted with a group of people who had warts. Subjects who were given Hypnotic or nonHypnotic suggestions were significantly more likely to achieve wart regression than placebo or no-treatment groups.

48-49. In a report by David Spiegel in the Harvard Mental Health Letter, the following research was cited: a) Several controlled experiments have shown that Hypnosis can be effectively used to eliminate warts; and b) Studies have been done on persons suffering from pseudoseizures, in which they lose consciousness or motor control and make jerking movements typical of epilepsy (but without the associated brain damage). Such patients have been taught to limit or eliminate these symptoms by using Hypnosis.

PSYCHOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

ANXIETY:


  1. In a report by David Spiegel in the Harvard Mental Health Letter, the research was cited that Hypnosis methods have been used successfully for anxiety associated with medical procedures.
  2. Two hundred forty-one patients who were undergoing percutaneous vascular and renal procedures were randomly tested on three testing regimens, one of which was Hypnosis. Patients rated their pain and anxiety on 1-10 scales before, every 15 minutes during, and after the procedures. Pain remained flat over the duration of procedure time in the Hypnosis group; pain increased linearly with procedure time in both other groups. Anxiety decreased over time in all three groups; the sharpest decrease was in the group that was hypnotized. Procedure times were significantly shorter in the Hypnosis group. In addition, Hypnosis showed itself to be superior in improving hemodynamic stability.

PHOBIC REACTIONS:

  1. In a report by David Spiegel in the Harvard Mental Health Letter, the following research was cited: One seven-year study showed that 50% of patients afraid of flying were improved of cured after Hypnosis treatment for a fear of flying.

DEPRESSION:

  1. In a neurochemical study of Hypnotic control of pain conducted by Domangue (1985), patients suffering arthritic pain showed a correlation among levels of pain, anxiety and depression. Anxiety and depression were inversely related to plasma norepinephrine levels. Depression was correlated with dopamine levels and negatively correlated with levels of serotonin and beta endorphin. Following Hypnotherapy, there were clinically and statistically significant decreases in depression, anxiety and pain, and increases in beta endorphin-like substances.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alladin, A. (1988). “Hypnosis in the Treatment of Severe Chronic Migraine. In M. Heap (ed.), Hypnosis: Current clinical, Experimental and Forensic Practices. London: Croom Helm. pp. 159-166.

Anderson, J.A., Basker, M.A. & Dalton, R. (1975). “Migraine and Hypnotherapy.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 23, 48-58.

Barabasz, A.J. & Barabasz, M. (1989). “Effects of Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Enhancement of Hypnotizability for Experimental and Chronic Pain Control.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 37, 217- 231.

Bernardi, L. Galezaai, L. & Bardelli, R. (1982). ” Hypnotic Responsivity of Cold Pressor Test in Normal and Hypertensive Subjects,” Paper presented at the International Society of Hypnosis, 9th International Congress of Hypnosis and Psychosomatic Medicine, Glasgow, Scotland.

Colgan, S.M., Faragher, E.B. & Whorwell, P.J. (1988). “Controlled Trial of Hypnotherapy in Relapse Prevention of Duodenal Ulceration.” Lancet, 1299-1300.

Conn, L. & Mott,k T. (1984). “Plethysmographic Demonstration of Rapid Vasodilation by Direct Suggestion: A Case of Raynaud’s Disease Treated by Hypnosis.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 26, 166-170.

Cotanch, P., Hockenberry, M. & Herman, S. (1985). “Self-Hypnosis Antiemetic Therapy in Children Receiving Chemotherapy.” Oncology Nursing Forum, 12, 41- 46.

Domangue, B.B., Margolis, C.G., Lieberman, D. & Kaji, H. (1985). “Biochemical Correlates of Hypnoanalgesia in Arthritic Pain Patients.” Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 46, 235-238.

Ewer, T.C. & Stewart, D.E. (1986). “Improvement in Bronchial Hyper-responsiveness in Patients with Moderate Asthma after Treatment with a Hypnotic Technique: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” British Medical Journal, 293, 1129-1132.

Friedman, H. & Taub, H. (1977). “The Use of Hypnosis and Biofeedback Procedures for Essential Hypertension.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 25, 335-347.

Friedman, H. & Taub, H. (1978). “A Six Month Follow-up of the Use of Hypnosis and Biofeedback Procedures in Essential Hypertension.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 20, 184-188.

Galeazzi, L. & Bernardi, L. (1982). “Cerebral Rheographic Variations by Hypnosis,” Paper presented at the International Society of Hypnosis, 9th International Congress of Hypnosis and Psychosomatic Medicine, Glasgow, Scotland.

Guerra, G. & Guantieri, G. (1982). “Hypnosis and Plasmatic B-Endorphins,” Paper presented at the International Society of Hypnosis, 9th International Congress of Hypnosis and Psychosomatic Medicine, Glasgow, Scotland.

Gutfeld, G. and Rao, L. (1992). “Use of Hypnosis with Patients Suffering from Chronic Headaches, Seriously Resistant to Other Treatment,” As reported in Prevention, 44, 24-25.

Harvey, R.F., Hinton, R.A., Gunary, R.M. & Barry, R.E. (1989). “Individual and Group Hypnotherapy in Treatment of Refractory Irritable Bowel Syndrome.” Lancet,
pp. 424-425.

Hilgard, E.R. (1977). Divided Consciousness: Multiple Controls in Human Thought and Action. NY: John Wiley. 1977.

Hilgard, E.R. (1982). “Hypnotic Susceptibility and Implications for Measurement.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 30, 394-403.

Jackson, J.A., Gass, G.C. & Camp, E.M. (1979). “The Relationship Between PostHypnotic Suggestion and Endurance in Physically Trained Subjects.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 27, 278-293.

Kuttner, L. (1988). “Favorite Stories: A Hypnotic Pain-Reduction Technique for Children in acute Pain.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 30, 289-295.

LaBaw, W.L. (1975). “Auto-Hypnosis in Haemophilia.” Printed in the Journal Haematologia, 9, 103-110.

Lang, E.V.; Benotsch, Eric; Fick. L.J.; Lutgendorf, Susan; Berbaum, M.L.; Berbaum, K.S.; Logan, Henrietta; and Spiegel, David (2000). “Surgery: Complications and Treatment.” Lancet, 355, 1486.

Maher-Loughnan, G.P., MacDonald, N., Mason, A.A. & Fry, L. (1962). “Controlled Trial of Hypnosis in the Symptomatic Treatment of Asthma.” British Medical Journal, 2, 371-376.

Maher-Loughnan, G.P. (1970). “Hypnosis and AutoHypnosis for the Treatment of Asthma.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 18, 1- 14.

Miller, M.E. & Bowers, K.S. (1986). “Hypnotic Analgesia and Stress Inoculation in the Reduction of Pain.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 95, 6-14.

Nolan, R.P. & Spanos, N.P. (1987). “Hypnotic Analgesia and Stress Inoculation: A Critical Reexamination of Miller and Bowers.” Psychological Reports, 61, 95- 102.

Olness, K. & Conroy, M. (1985). “A Pilot Study of Voluntary Control of Transcutaneous PO2 by Children.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 33, 1-5.

Olness, K., MacDonald, J.T. & Uden, D.L. (1987). “Comparison of Self-Hypnosis and Propranolol in the Treatment of Juvenile Classic Migraine.” Pediatrics, 79, 593- 597.

Omer, H., Elizur Y., Barnea, T., Friedlander, D. & Palti, Z. (1986a). “Psychological Variables and Premature Labour: A Possible Solution for Some Methodological Problems.” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 30, 559-565.

Omer, H., Friedlander, D. & Palti, Z. (1986b). “Hypnotic Relaxation in the Treatment of Premature Labor.” Psychosomatic Medicine, 48, 351-361.

Omer, H. (1987). “A Hypnotic Relaxation Technique for the Treatment of Premature Labor.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 29, 206-213.

Rapkin, D.A., Straubing, M., Singh, A. & Holroyd, J.C. (1988). “Guided Imagery and Hypnosis: Effect on Acute Recovery from Head and Neck Cancer Surgery,” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Asheville, N.C.

Ruzyla-Smith, Patricia et al. (1993). As reported at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association.

Schlutter, L.C., Golden, C.J. & Blume, H.G. (1980). “A Comparison of Treatments for Prefrontal Muscle Contraction Headache.” British Journal of Medical Psychology, 53, 47-52.

Schwartz, M. (1963). “The Cessation of Labor Using Hypnotic Techniques.” American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 5, 211-213.

Sletvold, H., Jensen, G.M. & Gotestam, K.G. (1986). “Blood Pressure Responses to Hypnotic and NonHypnotic Suggestions in Normotensive Subjects.” Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, 21, 32-35.

Spanos, N.P., Stenstrom, R.j. & Johnston, J.C. (1988). “Hypnosis, Placebo and Suggestion in the Treatment of Warts.” Psychosomatic Medicine, 50, 245- 260.

Spiegel, D. & Bloom, J.R. (1983b). “Group therapy and Hypnosis Reduce Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Pain.” Psychosomatic Medicine, 45, 333-339.

Spiegel, D., Bloom, J.R., Kraemer, H.,C. & Gottheil, E. (1989a). “Effect of Psychosocial Treatment on Survival of Patients with Metatastic Breast Cancer.” Lancet pp. 888-891.

Spiegel, David, author. Report in the Harvard Mental Health Letter, September 1998, vol. 15, p. 5-6.

Stam, H.J., McGrath, P.A., Brooke, R.I. & Cosier, F. (1986). “Hypnotizability and the Treatment of Chronic Facial Pain.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 34, 182-191.

Swirsky-Saccetti, T. & Margolis, C.G. (1986). “The Effects of a Comprehensive Self- Hypnosis Training Program on the Use of Factor VIII in Severe Hemophilia.” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 34, 71-83.

Whorwell, P.J., Prior, A. & Faragher, E.B. (1984). “Controlled Trial of Hypnotherapy in the Treatment of Severe Refractory Irritable-Bowel Syndrome.” Lancet, pp. 1232-1234.

Whorwell, P.J., Prior, A. & Colgan, S.M. (1987). “Hypnotherapy in Severe Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Further Experience.” Gut, 28, 423-425.

Zeltzer, L., LeBaron, S. & Zeltzer, P.M. (1984). “The Effectiveness of Behavioral Intervention for Reduction of Nausea and Vomiting in Children and Adolescents Receiving Chemotherapy.” Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2, 683-690.

Specialists Hypnotherapy Brisbane, Apsire Hypnotherapy, Moorooka

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If you are looking for a specialists in Hypnotherapy in Brisbane you may be confused by the number of people who provide the service.Specialists Hypnotherapy Brisbane, Aspire Hypnotherapy Moorooka

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Master Hypnotist

 

 

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